Plantaginaceae - plantain family
 

WeedsPoisonous PlantsHay Fever
Gerald A. Mulligan (Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, retired)
Click here to go to Weed Photos for this family

Plantago lanceolata L., narrow-leaved plantain, plantain lancéolé
Perennial, spreading by seeds; flowering stems usually less than 1 foot (3 dm.) high; flowers inconspicuous; throughout, except the mid-west; pastures, meadows, lawns, roadsides, and waste places; introduced from Europe.

Plantago major L., broad-leaved plantain, plantain majeur
Perennial, spreading by seeds, flowering stems usually less than 8 inches (20 cm.) high; flowers inconspicuous; abundant throughout; lawns, pastures, meadows, cultivated fields, and roadsides; introduced from Europe.

Plantago media L., hoary plantain, plantain moyen
Perennial, reproducing by seeds; flowering stems usually less than 6 inches (15 cm.) high; flowers inconspicuous; locally common, except in the mid-west; lawns, waste places, and roadsides; introduced from Europe.

Plantago rugelii Dcne., Rugel's plantain, plantain de Rugel
Perennial, spreading by seeds; flowering stems less than 8 inches (20 cm.) high; eastern; shorelines, roadsides, and waste places; native to North America. Leaves usually a paler green than broad-leaved plantain, and reddish towards the leaf bases.

Click on a photo to view an enlarged image.
Weed Name Photo Weed Name Photo
narrow-leaved plantain, plantain lancéolé narrow-leaved plantain, plantain lancéolé
narrow-leaved plantain, plantain lancéolé
(drawings by Ilgvars Steins [a, plant; b & c, capsules; d, seed])
narrow-leaved plantain, plantain lancéolé
(seedling, FF)
narrow-leaved plantain, plantain lancéolé (NC) broad-leaved plantain, plantain majeur and narrow-leaved plantain, plantain lancéolé
(F&M)
broad-leaved plantain, plantain majeur broad-leaved plantain, plantain majeur
broad-leaved plantain, plantain majeur
(drawings by Ilgvars Steins [a, plant; b, capsules; c, seed])
broad-leaved plantain, plantain majeur
(seedling)
broad-leaved plantain, plantain majeur (NC) hoary plantain, plantain moyen
hoary plantain, plantain moyen
(drawings by Ilgvars Steins [a, plant; b & c, capsules; d, seed])
Rugel's plantain, plantain de Rugel
Rugel's plantain, plantain de Rugel
(drawings by Ilgvars Steins [a, plant; b, capsules; c, seed])